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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 56-58

Cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma mimicking a mediastinal tumor and the role of endoscopic ultrasonography

1 Department of Endoscopy, Paoli-Calmettes Institute, Marseille, France
2 Department of Surgery, Paoli-Calmettes Institute, Marseille, France
3 Department of Anatomopathology, Paoli-Calmettes Institute, Marseille, France

Correspondence Address:
Marc Giovannini
Department of Endoscopy, Paoli-Calmettes Institute, Marseille,
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.7178/eus.01.010

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We report a case of cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma, with initial clinical features of atrial rhythmic dysfunction which was concluded as a mediastinal tumor by computed tomography (CT) scan. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and EUS - FNA (fine needle aspiration) were initially conducted to diagnose the isolated mediastinal mass. In this case, EUS re-assessed the previous diagnosis as a cardiac tumor, and the patient eventually achieved a 17- month survival rate after chemotherapy. In this paper, EUS findings obtained in our case are described and a review of literatures is briefly discussed. We also describe the advantages and limitations of this technique compared with other image diagnosis alternatives.

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