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 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 353-354

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma diagnosed by EUS-guided tissue acquisition


Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Date of Web Publication25-Nov-2015

Correspondence Address:
Dai Mohri
Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2303-9027.170453

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How to cite this article:
Mohri D, Nakai Y, Isayama H, Koike K. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma diagnosed by EUS-guided tissue acquisition. Endosc Ultrasound 2015;4:353-4

How to cite this URL:
Mohri D, Nakai Y, Isayama H, Koike K. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma diagnosed by EUS-guided tissue acquisition. Endosc Ultrasound [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Sep 18];4:353-4. Available from: http://www.eusjournal.com/text.asp?2015/4/4/353/170453

Dear Editor,

A 73-year-old man with a history of sigmoid colon cancer 5 years ago presented with an abdominal mass. A 17-mm omentum nodule had been incidentally resected at the time of sigmoidectomy with the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. He had not been exposed to asbestos. The patient underwent postsurgical surveillance by CT every 6 months without recurrence, but CT showed a 3-cm, ill-defined, soft tissue mass surrounding the second portion of duodenum [Figure 1]a. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) revealed FDG accumulation with a maximum SUV of 10.5. The duodenal mucosa appeared normal on endoscopy with negative biopsy. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) revealed a hypoechoic mass infiltrating both the liver and duodenum. EUS-guided tissue acquisition was performed using EUS-guided through-the-needle biopsy (EUS-TTNB) [1] [Figure 1]b and fine-needle aspiration (FNA). The lesion was punctured with a 19-G FNA needle (EchoTip, Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN, USA) preloaded with 0.75-mm miniature biopsy forceps (MTW Endoskopie, Wesel, Germany) from the duodenal bulb. After taking through-the-needle forceps biopsies, a regular FNA was subsequently performed with a single pass. Immunohistochemical staining [Figure 2]a was positive for calretinin [Figure 2]b and cytokeratin 5/6, but negative for CEA and CDX-2, confirming the diagnosis of recurrent malignant mesothelioma.
Figure 1: Computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) images. (a) Abdominal CT showing soft tissue mass surrounding the second portion of duodenum (arrowhead). (b) EUS-guided through-the-needle biopsy (EUS-TTNB) being performed with a 19-gauge needle and the cup of biopsy forceps was opened (arrowhead)

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Figure 2: Histocytological appearance showing; (a) a hematoxylin and eosin (H and E)-stained section; and (b) on calretinin staining, the specimen was positive (original magnification ×100, bar 500 μm)

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Mesothelioma is a malignancy of mesothelium, the serosal membrane that covers the internal organs. Most of mesotheliomas are derived from pleural mesothelium, and peritoneal mesothelioma is relatively rare (10-20%). [2],[3] Pathological diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma is difficult because the cytological evaluation of ascites is not sensitive and is difficult to differentiate with other cancers. [4] Although there were case reports of pleural mesothelioma diagnosed by EUS-FNA, EUS diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma is very rare. [5],[6] For definitive diagnosis, it is needed to perform laparotomy biopsy or laparoscopic examination in most cases. EUS-FNA is known to be useful for the diagnosis of malignant lymphoma in the abdominal cavity as well as pancreatic tumor and gastroduodenal submucosal tumor (SMT). [7] We reported a case of peritoneal mesothelioma successfully diagnosed by EUS-guided tissue acquisition. EUS-guided tissue acquisition should be the first diagnostic procedure, rather than invasive procedures such as laparoscopy and/or laparotomy.

 
  References Top

1.
Nakai Y, Isayama H, Chang K, et al. A pilot study of EUS-guided through-the-needle biopsy (EUS-TTNB) of solid masses. Gastrointest Endosc 2014;79:AB175-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Hassan R, Alexander R, Antman K, et al. Current treatment options and biology of peritoneal mesothelioma: Meeting summary of the first NIH peritoneal mesothelioma conference. Ann Oncol 2006;17:1615-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Rodriguez D, Cheung MC, Housri N, et al. Malignant abdominal mesothelioma: Defining the role of surgery. J Surg Oncol 2009; 99:51-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Manzini Vde P, Recchia L, Cafferata M, et al. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma: A multicenter study on 81 cases. Ann Oncol 2010;21: 348-53.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Balderramo DC, Pellise M, Colomo L, et al. Diagnosis of pleural malignant mesothelioma by EUS-guided FNA (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 2008;68:1191-2.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Rice DC, Steliga MA, Stewart J, et al. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration for staging of malignant pleural mesothelioma. Ann Thorac Surg 2009;88:862-8.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Wiersema MJ, Vilmann P, Giovannini M, et al. Endosonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy: Diagnostic accuracy and complication assessment. Gastroenterology 1997;112:1087-95.  Back to cited text no. 7
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]


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