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IMAGES AND VIDEOS
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 140-141

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy for obstructive jaundice with venous collaterals around the bile duct wall (with video)


2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Takatsukishi, Osaka, Japan

Date of Submission23-Apr-2016
Date of Acceptance18-Sep-2016
Date of Web Publication20-Apr-2017

Correspondence Address:
Takeshi Ogura
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigakuchou, Takatsukishi, Osaka 569-8686
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2303-9027.204811

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How to cite this article:
Ogura T, Onda S, Takagi W, Takeuchi T, Fukunishi S, Higuchi K. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy for obstructive jaundice with venous collaterals around the bile duct wall (with video). Endosc Ultrasound 2017;6:140-1

How to cite this URL:
Ogura T, Onda S, Takagi W, Takeuchi T, Fukunishi S, Higuchi K. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy for obstructive jaundice with venous collaterals around the bile duct wall (with video). Endosc Ultrasound [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Jul 14];6:140-1. Available from: http://www.eusjournal.com/text.asp?2017/6/2/140/204811



Endoscopic treatments using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), such as biliary drainage,[1],[2],[3] have been developed as alternatives to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or percutaneous transhepatic drainage by experienced endoscopists. Herein, we described EUS-guided biliary drainage performed for obstructive jaundice with venous collaterals around the bile duct wall.

A 70-year-old man presented to our hospital because of obstructive jaundice, after failed ERCP at another hospital. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed pancreatic cancer [Figure 1]. In addition, venous collaterals have developed around the common bile duct due to tumor embolization of the portal vein [Figure 2]. EUS showed large venous collaterals from around the ampulla of Vater to around the middle common bile duct [Video 1] and [Figure 3]. If metallic stent placement had been performed under ERCP guidance, the large diameter of the metal stent would have resulted in compression of the venous collaterals around the site of bile duct stenosis or lower bile duct walls. Collateral growth may thus result. EUS-guided biliary drainage was, therefore, selected as an alternative method.
Figure 1: Pancreatic cancer seen in the pancreatic head

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Figure 2: On computed tomography, massive venous collaterals are evident around common bile duct

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Figure 3: Venous collaterals are seen from the middle common bile duct to the ampulla of Vater

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First, an echoendoscope was introduced into the duodenum. The common bile duct was then punctured using a 19-gauge fine needle aspiration needle (Sono Tip Pro Control 19G; Medi-Globe GmbH, Medico's Hirata, Osaka, Japan) under Doppler mode EUS [Figure 4]. Bile juice was aspirated, and contrast medium was injected. After obtaining cholangiography, a 0.025-inch guidewire (VisiGlide; Olympus Medical Systems, Tokyo, Japan) was inserted into the intrahepatic bile duct. The bile duct and duodenal wall were then dilated using a 4 mm balloon catheter (ZARA EPBD Balloon Catheter; Century Medical, Tokyo, Japan). Finally, a fully covered metallic stent placement (10 mm × 6 cm, BONASTENT; Standard Sci Tech, Seoul, South Korea) was performed from the bile duct to the duodenum [Figure 5]. There was no adverse event related to the procedure. In addition, the patient underwent chemotherapy after EUS-guided choledocoduodenostomy (CDS). Until his death 5 months later, no adverse events associated with EUS-CDS were seen.
Figure 4: Dilation of the common bile duct and duodenal wall using a balloon catheter

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Figure 5: Placement of a fully covered metallic stent placement from the common bile duct to the duodenum

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In patients showing venous collaterals around the common bile duct, EUS-guided biliary drainage may offer advantages such as avoiding collaterals' injury or development.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Khashab MA, Levy MJ, Itoi T, et al. EUS-guided biliary drainage. Gastrointest Endosc 2015;82:993-1001.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Ogura T, Higuchi K. Technical tips of endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy. World J Gastroenterol 2015;21:820-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Park DH. Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided hepaticogastrostomy. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 2012;22:271-80, ix.  Back to cited text no. 3
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5]



 

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