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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 149-155

Efficacy of laparoscopic ultrasonography in laparoscopic resection of insulinoma


Department of Pancreatic and Thyroidal Surgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, Liaoning Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Xiaodong Tan
Department of Pancreatic and Thyroidal Surgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, No. 36, Sanhao Street, Shenyang 110004, Liaoning Province
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2303-9027.194703

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Insulinoma is the most common functioning islet cell tumor of the pancreas, with an annual incidence of 4 cases/1 million individuals. It is treated by surgical methods. Open surgery was once considered the standard approach for the treatment of insulinoma. However, the procedure is traumatic and requires a large incision, which does not satisfy the growing expectations of minimally invasive management of small-sized tumors. Insulinomas are usually benign solitary tumors and mostly occur sporadically, which makes them suitable candidates for laparoscopic management. The potential advantages of laparoscopic management of insulinoma over open surgery include shorter duration of hospitalization, quicker recovery, and better cosmetic effect. However, because of the small tumor size as well as the depth and uncertainty of the location of the tumor, laparoscopic localization of the lesion without tactile sensation is difficult. Laparoscopic ultrasonography can detect about 90% of insulinomas, and its sensitivity is comparable to that of manual palpation along with intraoperative ultrasonography during open surgery; thus, it ensures the feasibility of laparoscopic management of insulinoma and reinforces its advantage as a minimally invasive procedure. Laparoscopic ultrasonography is vital for the localization of insulinomas and characterization of the surrounding pancreatic structure and should, therefore, be considered an integral part of the laparoscopic management of insulinoma.


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