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IMAGES AND VIDEOS
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 351-352

Contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography features of a mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas


Department of Gastroenterology, Sapporo Kosei General Hospital, Sapporo, Japan

Date of Submission11-Nov-2016
Date of Acceptance01-Mar-2017
Date of Web Publication24-Aug-2017

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sho Kitagawa
Department of Gastroenterology, Sapporo Kosei General Hospital, Kita 3 Higashi 8, Chuo-Ku, Sapporo 060-0033
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/eus.eus_25_17

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  Abstract 



How to cite this article:
Kitagawa S, Suii H, Miyakawa H. Contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography features of a mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas. Endosc Ultrasound 2018;7:351-2

How to cite this URL:
Kitagawa S, Suii H, Miyakawa H. Contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography features of a mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas. Endosc Ultrasound [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Aug 25];7:351-2. Available from: http://www.eusjournal.com/text.asp?2018/7/5/351/213650

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma was first described in 1945 as a separate entity of salivary gland tumor.[1] It is most commonly seen in salivary glands; however, mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas is an extremely rare entity which has been reported on only four cases in English literature.[2],[3],[4],[5] Because of the rarity of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas, the imaging features of the tumor have not been revealed, and all previous reports have not illustrated endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) findings.

A 67-year-old woman was presented to us with postprandial upper abdominal pain. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 2 cm mass in the pancreatic body with ring enhancement pattern and multiple liver metastases. Subsequent magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showed a narrowing of the main pancreatic duct without upstream dilatation and cystic components of the mass. EUS confirmed a hypoechoic mass with irregular margins and cystic components, which had slightly higher internal echoes with nonshadowing blurred hyperechoic foci [Figure 1]. Contrast-enhanced EUS using Sonazoid (Daiichi Sankyo, Tokyo, Japan) showed that the mass had hyperenhancement, not so much strong as pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, compared with the surrounding pancreatic tissue [Figure 2]. Moreover, unlike pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, the hyperenhancement lasted even after 60 s [Video 1]. EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration using a 19-gauge needle was performed, and three enough specimens were obtained. All the biopsy specimens showed three types of cells: mucin-producing cells, epidermoid cells, and intermediate cells, thus confirming a diagnosis of mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
Figure 1: Endoscopic ultrasound image showing a hypoechoic mass with cystic components which had slightly higher internal echoes than that of ductal adenocarcinoma

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Figure 2: Contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasound image showing a hyperenhancement of the mass (arrow) compared with the surrounding pancreatic tissue (arrowheads)

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To our knowledge, this is the first report of a mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas with associated EUS imaging features. Based on our case, the tumor was depicted as a hypoechoic mass with slightly higher internal echoes in EUS and was remarkable for its prolonged hyperenhancement in contrast-enhanced EUS.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
  References Top

1.
Stewart FW, Foote FW, Becker WF. Muco-epidermoid tumors of salivary glands. Ann Surg 1945;122:820-44.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Ohtsuki Y, Yoshino T, Takahashi K, et al. Electron microscopic study of mucoepidermoid carcinoma in the pancreas. Acta Pathol Jpn 1987;37:1175-82.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Onoda N, Kang SM, Sugano S, et al. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas: Report of a case. Surg Today 1995;25:843-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Ma R, Yu YQ, Li JT, et al. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas: A case report and a review of literature. J Res Med Sci 2012;17:886-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Pandey P, Al-Rohil RN, Goldstein JB, et al. Cutaneous metastasis of a mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the pancreas:First reported case. Am J Dermatopathol 2016;38:852-6.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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