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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 371-375

Endobronchial ultrasound: Echoing in the field of pediatrics


1 Department of Pediatrics, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command, Shenyang 110016, China
2 Department of Respiratory, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command, Shenyang 110016, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bing Wei
Department of Pediatrics, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command, 83 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016
China
Dr. Zhuang Ma
Department of Respiratory, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command, 83 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/eus.eus_40_18

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Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a useful technique for the diagnosis and staging of the lung and mediastinal lesions, which is crucial for selecting treatment protocol. Under EBUS guidance, transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is widely applied for obtaining specimens for histological, cytological, and molecular evaluation. Recently, the EBUS scope designed for adults has been used in large pediatric candidates. The presence of lung masses and mediastinal lymphadenopathy in the pediatric population presents a diagnostic challenge; however, EBUS is a promising tool for pediatricians to address these challenging issues. In some centers, the adult EBUS echobronchoscope is applied in transesophageal procedures for pediatric patients. EBUS-guided TBNA can also be used to perform minimally invasive interventional therapy, such as fiducial marker placement for assisting precision radiation, brachytherapy, and radiofrequency ablation therapy. With the development of EBUS equipment designed specifically for children, pediatric EBUS will play an increasingly important role.


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