• Users Online:1674
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 

Ahead of print publication  

The large-balloon occlusion technique: A new method for conversion to EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy in patient with prior self-expanding metal stent placement

 Department of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan

Date of Submission27-Feb-2018
Date of Acceptance14-Sep-2018
Date of Web Publication13-Feb-2019

Correspondence Address:
Kosuke Okuwaki,
Department of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0375
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/eus.eus_60_18

PMID: 30785117

How to cite this URL:
Okuwaki K, Yamauchi H, Kida M, Imaizumi H, Matsumoto T, Tadehara M, Iwai T, Kaneko T, Hasegawa R, Miyata E, Koizumi W. The large-balloon occlusion technique: A new method for conversion to EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy in patient with prior self-expanding metal stent placement. Endosc Ultrasound [Epub ahead of print] [cited 2019 May 24]. Available from: http://www.eusjournal.com/preprintarticle.asp?id=252171

EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) is sometimes performed as re-intervention in patients who have transpapillary biliary stent dysfunction associated with conditions such as gastric outlet obstruction. We describe a 92-year-old man in whom a covered self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) had been placed because of distal biliary obstruction caused by unresectable duodenal papilla cancer. The tumor invaded the distal portion of the duodenum, causing food retention and recurrent cholangitis due to duodenobiliary reflux. Although stent-in-stent placement of a plastic stent was performed, stent dysfunction soon occurred, requiring frequent replacement of the stent [Figure 1]. The SEMS was difficult to remove because of tumor ingrowth. We, therefore, designed a new method for large-balloon occlusion and successfully performed EUS-HGS [Video 1 and [Figure 2]]. After EUS-HGS, cholangitis did not occur until the patient died of duodenal papilla cancer. We previously designed and reported the large-balloon occupation technique designed for patients with many bile-duct stones that are difficult to remove.[1] The new technique is based on this procedure. A balloon catheter is inserted into the bile duct upstream to the site of malignant biliary obstruction to induce occlusion. Contrast media and physiological saline solution are then injected into the bile duct to artificially dilate the intrahepatic portion of the bile duct [Figure 3] and perform EUS-HGS [Figure 2]. If the SEMS can be removed, endoscopic nasobiliary drainage is temporarily performed.[2] However, endoscopic nasobiliary drainage is not feasible if the SEMS has been placed in the extrahepatic bile duct, similar to our patient. Adjustment of the expansion site of the balloon can prevent the injection of unnecessary contrast media into the gallbladder. This new technique is a useful procedure for performing EUS-HGS in patients who have undergone the placement of a SEMS for the distal malignant biliary obstruction that is difficult to remove.
Figure 1: Left: In another hospital, the patient had undergone the placement of an SEMS to manage distal biliary obstruction caused by unresectable duodenal papilla cancer. A pancreatic plastic stent had been inserted to prevent pancreatitis. Cholangiography showed that contrast media flowed into the duodenum. The SEMS was patent. Right: Duodenal papilla cancer invaded the distal portion of the duodenum, causing gastrointestinal stricture

Click here to view
Figure 2: A 13- to 15-mm balloon catheter (REN, Biliary Balloon Dilation Catheter, Kaneka Co, Inc.) was used to perform EUS-HGS in the presence of biliary obstruction

Click here to view
Figure 3: Left: Before injecting physiological saline solution, the diameter of the B3 segment was 3 mm. The wall of the bile duct was thickened because of repeated cholangitis. A hyperechoic lesion suggestive of biliary sludge was found in the bile duct. Right: About 60 ml of physiological saline solution was injected, dilating the diameter of B3 to 5 mm

Click here to view

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient has given his consent for his images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understands that his name and initial will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal his identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Yamauchi H, Kida M, Uehara K, et al. The large-balloon occupation technique: A new technique for removing multiple biliary stones from a large-diameter bile duct. Endoscopy 2017;49:E155-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
Nakai Y, Isayama H, Yamamoto N, et al. Conversion to endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage by temporary nasobiliary drainage placement in patients with prior biliary stenting. Endosc Ultrasound 2017;6:323-8.  Back to cited text no. 2


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]


     Search Pubmed for
    -  Okuwaki K
    -  Yamauchi H
    -  Kida M
    -  Imaizumi H
    -  Matsumoto T
    -  Tadehara M
    -  Iwai T
    -  Kaneko T
    -  Hasegawa R
    -  Miyata E
    -  Koizumi W
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this article
   Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded11    

Recommend this journal