Endoscopic Ultrasound

IMAGES AND VIDEOS
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 284--285

EUS-guided pancreatic duct drainage: Approach to a challenging procedure


Judith E Baars1, Fei Chen1, Charbel Sandroussi2, Arthur J Kaffes1, Payal Saxena1,  
1 Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2 Department of Hepatobiliary and Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Payal Saxena
RPA Medical Centre, Suite G10, 100 Carillon Ave, Newtown, Sydney, NSW 2042
Australia




How to cite this article:
Baars JE, Chen F, Sandroussi C, Kaffes AJ, Saxena P. EUS-guided pancreatic duct drainage: Approach to a challenging procedure.Endosc Ultrasound 2018;7:284-285


How to cite this URL:
Baars JE, Chen F, Sandroussi C, Kaffes AJ, Saxena P. EUS-guided pancreatic duct drainage: Approach to a challenging procedure. Endosc Ultrasound [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Aug 25 ];7:284-285
Available from: http://www.eusjournal.com/text.asp?2018/7/4/284/227151


Full Text



Endoscopic removal of pancreatic stones is challenging because pancreatic stones tend to be spiculated and hard and are impacted behind strictures in most cases.[1] Success rate of stone retrieval by standard endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is only about 50%. Adding shockwave corporeal lithotripsy or ESWL increases the success rate to 60%–70%, but this is not always available. Unlike in the bile duct where percutaneous salvage is readily available, no alternative sort of surgery exists for pancreatic drainage. Therefore, endoscopic ultrasound-guided pancreatic duct drainage (EUS-PDD) has been gaining popularity because of reasonably high technical success rate and a favorable safety profile in expert hands.

The current indications of EUS-PDD include chronic pancreatitis with pancreatic duct obstruction such as due to strictures or stones, disconnected pancreatic duct, and inaccessible major and minor papilla by ERCP such as in surgical postanatomical alteration, malignant pancreatic duct obstruction, and postsurgical pancreaticoenterostomy stricture.[2]

EUS-PDD can be performed into two ways: EUS-guided rendezvous of the pancreatic duct or EUS-guided pancreaticogastrostomy or anterograde stenting.[3] We have thus far performed four cases of EUS-PDD in our center, all with good clinical outcome. Two of which were for obstructing pancreatic duct stones with recurrent pancreatitis post-Whipple's and one for obstructed pancreatic duct due to pancreatic head cancer who failed ERCP. The fourth patient is presented in this video, which shows the case of a 75-year-old male who presented with chronic pancreatitis with obstructing calculi in the head and dilated pancreatic duct in the neck, body, and tail. ERCP for stone removal was unsuccessful, and ESWL was not available. Due to his comorbidities, the patient was deemed as a poor surgical candidate. Hence, EUS-PDD was performed successfully [Figure 1]. This video demonstrates EUS-PDD, which has been shown to be safe and effective in our small case series.{Figure 1}

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient has given his consent for his images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understands that his name and initial will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal his identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Chapman CG, Waxman I, Siddiqui UD. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided pancreatic duct drainage: The basics of when and how to perform EUS-guided pancreatic duct interventions. Clin Endosc 2016;49:161-7.
2Chen YI, Saxena P, Ngamruengphong S, et al. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided pancreatic duct drainage: Technical approaches to a challenging procedure. Endoscopy 2016;48 Suppl 1:E192-3.
3Prachayakul V, Aswakul P. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided interventions in special situations. World J Gastrointest Endosc 2016;8:104-12.