|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 5 | Page : 348
Training in endoscopic ultrasound and adoption of educational theory
National University Hospital, 119228, Singapore
|Date of Submission||05-Oct-2015|
|Date of Acceptance||17-May-2016|
|Date of Web Publication||7-Oct-2016|
NUHS Singapore, Level 10,
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Sharma N. Training in endoscopic ultrasound and adoption of educational theory. Endosc Ultrasound 2016;5:348
Malay Sharma et al. recently authored an in-depth review of pancreatic duct imaging by linear ultrasound.  I congratulate the authors on this review and wondered if they would be willing to push this training study further.
Medical education has seen huge advances with regard to innovation and a focus more on active rather than passive forms of learning. Videos, for example are being utilized to supplement learning, yet remain a self-directed platform either online or via conference attendance. Video learning is essential in the procedural aspect of EUS yet to be successful it must rely on appropriate training methods. The flipped classroom is one of the examples of video-based learning where learners are provided videos before a teaching session with class time spent problem-solving with peers and the instructor. This approach has been praised for its potential in freeing up class time for knowledge application with teachers being allowed to teach and provide feedback as opposed to simply delivering information didactically.  Further evidence has concluded benefits in terms of class attendance, students' learning, and perceived value. 
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are a second example where video learning can occur with learners on a global scale, viewing material, interacting with peers, and gaining accreditation accordingly. An AAMC report noted that MOOCs allow for increased course content access, learner convenience, "big data" learning analytics, global learner interaction, and access to expert faculty guidance regardless of location. 
Mastery learning is a third example where learners undertake a pretest are delivered the curriculum in video form and are then posttested. Those that pass move to the next stage of their learning whereas those that do not undertake a repeat review of the curriculum and posttest. Mastery learning relies on "excellence for all," independent of a specific learning time, and can translate to improved patient care and safety. 
It would be useful to assess which video methods prove useful in EUS training and why. Written forms of learning are valuable but are limited simply by information delivery as opposed to information processing.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Sharma M, Rai P, Rameshbabu CS, et al
. Imaging of the pancreatic duct by linear endoscopic ultrasound. Endosc Ultrasound
Prober CG, Heath C. Lecture halls without lectures - A proposal for medical education. N Engl J Med
McLaughlin JE, Roth MT, Glatt DM, et al.
The flipped classroom: A course redesign to foster learning and engagement in a health professions school. Acad Med
AAMC. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in Medical Education; 2014. Available from: https://www.aamc.org/download/383628/data/technologynowmassiveopenonlinecoursesmoocs.pdf. [Last accessed on 2016 Jun 22].
McGaghie WC, Barsuk JH, Wayne DB. AM last page: Mastery learning with deliberate practice in medical education. Acad Med