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 Table of Contents  
IMAGES AND VIDEOS
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 412-413

Achievement of long-term stent patency in endoscopic ultrasonography-guided right bile duct drainage after left hepatic lobectomy (with video)


1 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Faculty of Medicine, Kindai University, Osaka-Sayama, Japan
2 Second Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan

Date of Submission26-Oct-2016
Date of Acceptance26-Nov-2016
Date of Web Publication15-Dec-2017

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mamoru Takenaka
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Faculty of Medicine, Kindai University, 377-2 Ohno-Higashi, Osaka-Sayama 589-8511
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/eus.eus_9_17

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How to cite this article:
Minaga K, Takenaka M, Miyata T, Yamao K, Kamata K, Kitano M, Kudo M. Achievement of long-term stent patency in endoscopic ultrasonography-guided right bile duct drainage after left hepatic lobectomy (with video). Endosc Ultrasound 2017;6:412-3

How to cite this URL:
Minaga K, Takenaka M, Miyata T, Yamao K, Kamata K, Kitano M, Kudo M. Achievement of long-term stent patency in endoscopic ultrasonography-guided right bile duct drainage after left hepatic lobectomy (with video). Endosc Ultrasound [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Oct 21];6:412-3. Available from: http://www.eusjournal.com/text.asp?2017/6/6/412/209872



A 72-year-old female with advanced rectal cancer presented with obstructive jaundice 6 months after undergoing left hepatic lobectomy for liver metastases. Computed tomography revealed a dilated right intrahepatic bile duct, and a new liver metastasis appeared in her right hepatic lobe [Figure 1]a. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) revealed severe stricture at the hepatic hilum; however, insertion of an ERCP catheter into the right anterior intrahepatic duct was unsuccessful [Figure 1]b. Subsequently, endoscopic ultrasonography-guided right hepatic bile duct drainage (EUS-RBD) was attempted. The right anterior intrahepatic duct could be well-visualized with an echoendoscope from the duodenal bulb and was punctured with a 19-gauge aspiration needle [Figure 2]a. A 0.025-inch angle-tip guidewire (VisiGlide 2; Olympus Medical Systems, Tokyo, Japan) was inserted into the biliary system [Figure 2]b, and following dilation of the fistula track by a 7-Fr biliary bougie dilator (Soehendra Biliary Dilation Catheter, Cook Medical, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA), a covered self-expandable metal stent (10 mm × 100 mm, Niti-S Biliary Covered Stent; Taewoong Medical, Seoul, South Korea) was successfully deployed through the duodenal bulb [Figure 2]c and [Video 1]. The total procedure time was 42 min. The postoperative period was uneventful, and both jaundice and never mentioned before resolved in a week. Chemotherapy was resumed for advanced rectal cancer immediately after discharge. The patient died 767 days after EUS-RBD because of the progression of her underlying disease; however, she remained free of jaundice until death.
Figure 1: (a) Computed tomography image showing a dilated right intrahepatic bile duct and liver metastasis in the right hepatic lobe. (b) Cholangiography image obtained by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showing a severe stricture at the hepatic hilum. Repeated attempts to insert an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography catheter into the right anterior intrahepatic duct failed

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Figure 2: (a) The right anterior intrahepatic duct was punctured using a 19-gauge aspiration needle under endosonographic guidance. (b) After the injection of contrast agent, a 0.025-inch guidewire was inserted into the biliary system. (c) A covered metal stent (10 mm wide and 100 mm long) was successfully deployed into the right hepatic bile duct via the duodenal bulb

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EUS-guided biliary drainage is a recently developed alternative technique in patients with biliary obstruction for failed ERCP.[1],[2] Various techniques have been described; however, limited data are available regarding EUS-RBD [3],[4],[5] and long-term follow-up data are lacking. This is the first case which attained long-term stent patency in EUS-RBD after left hepatic lobectomy.




The use of the Spyglass System (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts, USA) to facilitate selective placement of a guidewire in the context of difficult biliary strictures has been reported.[6] However, even if a guidewire had been successfully inserted across this stricture, the configuration and site of the stricture would have made placement of a self-expandable metal stent difficult, and a plastic stent would have to be used. Plastic stents tend to occlude within a few months, and the patient would have had to undergo repeat ERCP procedures for palliative drainage. In contrast, EUS-RBD using a self-expandable metal stent allowed long lasting effective drainage.

In conclusion, EUS-RBD could be an effective palliative option for right intrahepatic bile duct drainage, which is expected to maintain the patient's quality of life and achieve long-term stent patency and survival.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient has given her consent for her images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understand that her name and initial will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal her identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Giovannini M, Moutardier V, Pesenti C, et al. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided bilioduodenal anastomosis: A new technique for biliary drainage. Endoscopy 2001;33:898-900.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]    
2.
Poincloux L, Rouquette O, Buc E, et al. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage after failed ERCP: Cumulative experience of 101 procedures at a single center. Endoscopy 2015;47:794-801.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.
Park SJ, Choi JH, Park DH, et al. Expanding indication: EUS-guided hepaticoduodenostomy for isolated right intrahepatic duct obstruction (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 2013;78:374-80.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]    
4.
Ogura T, Sano T, Onda S, et al. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage for right hepatic bile duct obstruction: Novel technical tips. Endoscopy 2015;47:72-5.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]    
5.
Mukai S, Itoi T, Tsuchiya T, et al. EUS-guided right hepatic bile duct drainage in complicated hilar stricture. Gastrointest Endosc 2017;85:256-257.  Back to cited text no. 5
[PUBMED]    
6.
Theodoropoulou A, Vardas E, Voudoukis E, et al. SpyGlass direct visualization system facilitated management of iatrogenic biliary stricture: A novel approach in difficult cannulation. Endoscopy 2012;44:E433-4.  Back to cited text no. 6
[PUBMED]    


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